Thursday, November 5, 2015

DAUPHIN ISLAND RELATED IMAGES FROM WASHINGTON,D.C. including The Washington Navy Yard (The Nation's Oldest Military Installation) and the Congressional Cemetery (The Nation's Only National Cemetery Before the Civil War)
"Torpedoes? DAMN! Full speed ahead!" Located near the White House on 17th Street NW, this monument was the first ever erected in D.C. in honor of a naval hero. The statue and four howitzers were cast from bronze which came from the propeller of the USS HARTFORD. The monument was dedicated in 1881 during a ceremony attended by President James Garfield. Wikipedia link to a history of this monument

This 7 inch double banded Brooke rifle was produced at the Selma Naval Gun Foundry. It was one of four Brookes which armed the CSS Tennessee during the Battle of Mobile Bay. The four guns were kept as trophies by the U.S. Navy and are on display in front of the Navy Museum at the Washington Navy Yard.
6.4 inch Double Banded Brookes taken from the CSS Tennessee. 

The first thing one sees as you approach the sidewalk in front of the Navy Museum at the Washington Navy Yard is the anchor of the USS Hartford. A second anchor from the Hartford is located inside Ft. Gaines on Dauphin Island.

The anchor of the USS Hartford is on the left at the front of the Navy Museum at the Washington Navy Yard

An entire section at the front of the Navy Museum is dedicated to Admiral Raphael Semmes, the CSS Alabama, the CSS Tennessee and the Battle of Mobile Bay.

The wheel of the USS Hartford

Visitors to the Navy Museum are allowed to hold the wheel of the USS Hartford.

A model of the CSS Tennessee at the Navy Museum. The Captain of the CSS Tennessee, Franklin Buchanan, commanded the Washington Navy Yard before resigning to join the Confederate Navy.

A model depicting how a ten man crew manned a naval gun on the USS Hartford.

The USS Tecumseh which now rests on the bottom of Mobile Bay between Dauphin Island and Ft. Morgan is recognized at the Navy Museum with this nameplate.

A painting of the sinking of the USS Tecumseh at the Union fleet approached Fort Morgan.

The section of the Navy Museum dedicated to the USS Hartford.

The Confederate commander of Ft. Gaines' letter of surrender

Admiral Farragut's sword

Close-up of Farragut's sword

A model of the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac) which was commanded by Catesby ap Roger Jones, later superintendent of the Selma Naval Foundry which built the CSS Tennessee and some of its Brooke guns. Admiral Buchanan, commander of the CSS Tennessee, had commanded the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac) at the Battle of Hampton Roads(the U.S. Navy's greatest defeat prior to Pearl Harbor) where he was shot. While recovering, command of the ship was turned over to Catesby ap Roger Jones.

The bell of the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac), commanded by Catesby ap Roger Jones.

Pushmataha is the namesake for Dauphin Island's Pushmataha Court.

Alexander Dallas Bache placed granite survey markers for the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey on Dauphin Island in 1847. Beach erosion destroyed the site of one of the markers and it was moved inside Ft. Gaines. It now stands there as the oldest such marker on the entire Gulf Coast.

 The man who designed the Bache monument in the Congressional Cemetery is considered one of "TRINITY OF AMERICA ARCHITECTS."

Commodore Daniel Patterson commanded the U.S. Navy's New Orleans station during the War of 1812. During the summer of 1814, Patterson visited Dauphin Island to investigate a grounded ship while large numbers of British ships patrolled the Gulf and Dauphin Island was already being used as part of the supply chain for the Royal Navy.

Even Commodore Patterson's wife has a Dauphin Island connection. Her great uncle, Oliver Pollock, was the agent for the Continental Congress in New Orleans during the American Revolution. Oliver Pollock financed the outfitting of the USS West Florida which was the only Continental Navy vessel to participate in the Spanish Navy's 1780 Siege of Mobile which was part of the Galvez campaign to conquer British West Florida.

One of John Quincy Adams' greatest achievements was negotiating the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819. Under Article 2 of that treaty, Spain finally relinquished all its claims to Dauphin Island and what had been Spanish West Florida.

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